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What is inflammation and how to reduce inflammation in the body with diet | Balance

Inflammation is a natural response by the body to protect itself from harm, but when it becomes chronic, it can have detrimental effects on our health.

inflammation in the wrist

The good news is that we have the power to reduce and prevent inflammation through our diet.

By choosing the right foods and making some lifestyle changes, we can effectively combat chronic inflammation and improve our overall well-being.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the causes and symptoms of inflammation, delve into the role of diet in inflammation, and provide practical tips and a sample menu to help you adopt an anti-inflammatory lifestyle.

Understanding Inflammation

What is Inflammation?

Inflammation is a natural process initiated by the body's immune system to heal and defend against harm such as infections, injuries, and toxins.

It involves the release of antibodies, proteins, and increased blood flow to the affected area. Acute inflammation is a short-term response that typically resolves within a few days, while chronic inflammation persists for longer periods and can lead to various health problems.

Symptoms of Chronic Inflammation

Chronic inflammation often presents with subtle symptoms that are easy to overlook. These may include fatigue, body pain, depression or anxiety, gastrointestinal issues, weight gain or loss, and persistent infections.

Recognizing these symptoms is crucial in addressing chronic inflammation and preventing associated health complications.

Causes of Chronic Inflammation

Underlying Causes

Chronic inflammation can arise from untreated acute inflammation, autoimmune disorders, or long-term exposure to irritants like industrial chemicals or polluted air.

Factors such as smoking, obesity, excessive alcohol consumption, and chronic stress can also contribute to chronic inflammation.

Impact of Diet on Chronic Inflammation

Diet plays a significant role in managing chronic inflammation. By consuming anti-inflammatory foods and avoiding inflammatory ones, we can reduce inflammation and enhance our overall health. Certain foods, such as those high in antioxidants and polyphenols, have been found to have anti-inflammatory effects.

Anti-Inflammatory Foods

Key Anti-Inflammatory Foods

nutrient dense anti-inflammatory foods

Including a variety of anti-inflammatory foods in our diet can help combat chronic inflammation.

Some of the most effective anti-inflammatory foods include vegetables like broccoli, kale, and Brussels sprouts, fruits such as blueberries, pomegranates, and cherries, healthy fats like olive oil and avocado oil, fatty fish like salmon and sardines, nuts, peppers, dark chocolate, spices like turmeric, and beverages like green tea and red wine in moderation.

Foods to Avoid

Certain foods are known to increase inflammation and should be minimized or avoided.

These include sugary beverages, refined carbohydrates like white bread and pasta, desserts high in added sugars, processed meats, processed snack foods, certain oils like soybean and corn oil, and excessive alcohol consumption.

Designing an Anti-Inflammatory Diet Plan

The Mediterranean Diet

The Mediterranean diet is a well-known anti-inflammatory diet that has been shown to reduce inflammatory markers in the body.

It emphasizes whole, nutrient-dense foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, fatty fish, olive oil, and moderate red wine consumption. By following the principles of the Mediterranean diet, we can create a well-balanced anti-inflammatory meal plan.

Low Carb Diet

A low carbohydrate diet has also been found to reduce inflammation, particularly for individuals with obesity or metabolic syndrome. This may be due to it's effect on weight loss and or the potential reduction in ultra-processed foods (specifically simple carbohydrates).

By reducing the intake of simple carbohydrates and focusing on whole, unprocessed foods, we can effectively lower inflammation levels in the body.

Vegetarian Diet

Vegetarian diets have been associated with reduced inflammation. By eliminating meat and emphasizing plant-based foods, vegetarians can enjoy the anti-inflammatory benefits of fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains, and nuts.

A Day on an Anti-Inflammatory Diet

Sample Breakfast

Kickstart your day with a nourishing and anti-inflammatory breakfast. Try a three-egg omelet cooked in olive oil, filled with mushrooms and kale. Pair it with a cup of cherries for added antioxidants and enjoy a cup of green tea or water.

Anti-inflammatory salmon lunch

Sample Lunch

For a satisfying and anti-inflammatory lunch, grill some salmon and serve it on a bed of mixed greens dressed with olive oil and vinegar. As a refreshing dessert, enjoy a cup of raspberries topped with plain Greek yogurt and chopped pecans. Stay hydrated with unsweetened iced tea or water.

Sample Snack

For a mid-day snack, enjoy bell pepper strips with guacamole. This combination provides a dose of essential nutrients and healthy fats while keeping inflammation in check.

Sample Dinner

End your day with a flavorful and anti-inflammatory dinner. Prepare a chicken curry loaded with sweet potatoes, cauliflower, and broccoli. Pair it with a glass of red wine (in moderation) and indulge in a small piece of dark chocolate containing at least 80% cocoa for a decadent treat.

Further Strategies for Managing Inflammation

The Role of Supplements

Certain supplements, such as fish oil and curcumin, have been found to reduce inflammation. Incorporating these supplements into your routine, under the guidance of a healthcare professional, can provide additional support in your anti-inflammatory journey.

Regular Exercise

Engaging in regular physical activity has been shown to decrease inflammatory markers and reduce the risk of chronic diseases associated with inflammation. Find activities you enjoy and aim for a consistent exercise routine to promote overall health and well-being.

Quality Sleep

Getting sufficient and restful sleep is essential for reducing inflammation. Poor sleep has been linked to increased inflammation levels in the body. Prioritize sleep hygiene practices, such as establishing a regular sleep schedule and creating a relaxing bedtime routine, to support your body's natural healing processes.

The Power of an Anti-Inflammatory Lifestyle

By adopting an anti-inflammatory diet and making lifestyle changes, you have the power to reduce inflammation and improve your overall health.

By incorporating anti-inflammatory foods, avoiding inflammatory foods, and implementing supplementary strategies like exercise and quality sleep, you can effectively manage chronic inflammation and lower your risk of associated diseases.


Chronic inflammation can have detrimental effects on our health, but with the right dietary choices, we can effectively combat it.

By incorporating anti-inflammatory foods and making lifestyle changes, we can reduce inflammation and improve our overall well-being.

Remember to consult with nutrition professionals for personalized advice and make gradual, sustainable changes to your diet and lifestyle. With dedication and persistence, you can successfully embrace a more anti-inflammatory lifestyle and enjoy the benefits of reduced inflammation and improved health.

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